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Bluehost Com Website Hosting Plan

Bluehost Com Website Hosting Plan

Bluehost Com Website Hosting Plan

A web hosting service is a kind of internet hosting service that permits people and organizations to make their website available via the world wide web. Website hosts are companies that offer space on a server owned or leased for use by customers, as well as providing internet connectivity, typically in a data center. Web hosts can also offer data center space and connectivity to the internet for other servers located in their data center, called colocation, also known as Housing in Latin America or France.

History

Up till 1991, the internet was limited to use only "...for research and education in the sciences and engineering..." and was used for email, telnet, FTP and USENET traffic, but only a tiny number of website pages. The world wide web protocols had only just been written and not till the end of 1993 would there be a graphical web site browser for Mac or Windows computers. Even after there was more internet availability, the situation was challenging until 1995.

To host a web site on the internet, an individual or company would need their own computer or server. As not all organizations had the budget or capability to complete this, web hosting services started to supply services to host users' sites on their own servers, without the client needing to purchase the necessary infrastructure neededd to operate the website. The owners of the sites, also known as webmasters, would be able to develop a website that would be hosted on the web hosting service's server and published to the internet by the website hosting service.

As the number of users on the world wide web increased, the demand for companies, both large and tiny, to have an online presence grew. By 1995, organizations such as GeoCities, Angelfire and Tripod were providing free hosting.

Classification

Smaller Hosting Services

The most basic is aweb page and small-scale file hosting, where files can be uploaded via File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or a web interface. The files are usually delivered to the web "as is" or with very little processing. Quite a few internet service providers (ISPs) provide this service free of charge to users. People and organizations may also obtain web page hosting from other service providers.

Free web hosting service is provided by different companies with limited services, generally supported by advertisements, and at times limited when compared to paid hosting.

Single page hosting is often sufficient for personal website pages. Personal web site hosting is typically free, advertisement-sponsored, or inexpensive. Business web site hosting generally has a higher investment depending upon the size and type of the site.

Larger Hosting Services

Many big companies that are not ISPs need to be constantly connected to the web to send email, files, etc. to other sites. The organization may use the computer as a website host to offer details of their goods and services and facilities for online orders.

A complicated website calls for a more comprehensive package that offers database support and application development platforms (e.g. ASP.NET, ColdFusion, Java EE, Perl/Plack, PHP or Ruby on Rails). These facilities allow clients to create or install scripts for applications like forums and content management. Also, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is typically used for sites that wish to keep the data transmitted safe.

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Types of Hosting

Internet hosting services can run web servers. The scope of web hosting services differs quite a bit.

Shared Website Hosting Service

One's website is located on the same server as many other sites, ranging from a few sites to hundreds of sites. Typically, all domains may share a common pool of server resources, such as RAM and the CPU. The features available with this type of service can be relatively basic and not flexible in terms of software and updates. Resellers often make available shared web hosting and website companies often have reseller accounts to supply hosting for customers.

Reseller Web Hosting

Reseller website hosting permits clients to take on the role of website hosts themselves. Resellers could function, for individual domains, under any combination of these following types of hosting, depending on who they are affiliated with as a reseller. Resellers' accounts may differentiate a fair amount in size: they may have their own virtual dedicated server to a colocated server. Many resellers offer a nearly identical service to their provider's shared hosting plan and offer the technical support themselves.

Virtual Dedicated Server

This is also known as a Virtual Private Server (VPS), it separates server resources into virtual servers, where resources can be split up in a way that does not directly reflect the computer's hardware. VPS will often be allocated resources based on a one server to many VPSs relationship, but, virtualization may be chosen for a number of reasons, including the option to relocate a VPS container from one server to another. Users may have root access to their own virtual space. Users are typically responsible for fixing and maintaining the server (unmanaged server) or the VPS provider may offer server admin jobs for the client (managed server).

Dedicated Hosting Service

The client gets their own website server and gets full control over it (user has root access for Linux/administrator access for Windows); but, the user typically does not own the server. One kind of dedicated hosting is self-managed or unmanaged. This is generally the least expensive for dedicated plans. The customer has full administrative access to the server, which means the client is responsible for the security and maintenance of their own dedicated server.

Managed Hosting Service

The user gets their own website server but they are not allowed complete control over the server (the client is denied root access for Linux/administrator access for Windows); but, they can control their data via FTP or other remote management tools. The customer is not granted full control so that the provider can guarantee the quality of service by not permitting the customer to change the server or perhaps create configuration problems. The customer often doesn't own the server. The server is leased to the customer.

Colocation Website Hosting Service

Similar to the dedicated web hosting service, but the user owns the colocation server; the hosting company offers physical space that the server takes up and manages the server. This is the strongest and costly type of web hosting service. In most cases, the colocation provider may offer little to no help directly for their user's computer, providing only the electrical, internet access, and storage facilities for the computer. In most cases for colocation, the client would have their own administrator go to the data center on-site to do any hardware upgrades or changes. Formerly, many colocation providers would allow any computer configuration for hosting, even ones housed in desktop-style minitower cases, but most hosting companies now expect rack mount enclosures and standard system configurations.

Cloud Hosting

This is a relatively new kind of hosting platform that allows clients powerful, scalable and reliable hosting based on clustered load-balanced servers and utility billing. A cloud-hosted site may be more stable than alternatives as other computers in the cloud can take over when an individual piece of hardware breaks. Furthermore, local power outages or even natural disasters are less problematic for cloud hosted websites, as cloud hosting is not centralized. Cloud hosting also allows providers to charge users just for resources consumed by the customer, rather than a flat fee for the amount the client guesses they might consume, or a fixed cost upfront hardware investment. Alternatively, the decentralization might provide users less control on where their information is located, which could be problematic for users with data security or privacy issues.

Clustered Hosting

Having a group of servers host the same content for stable resource utilization. Clustered computers are a perfect solution for high-availability dedicated hosting, or having a scalable website hosting system. A cluster may separate website serving from database hosting capability. (Usually website hosts use clustered hosting for their shared hosting plans, as there are multiple pros to the mass managing of clients).

Grid Hosting

This form of distributed hosting is when a server cluster acts like a grid and is composed of multiple nodes.

Home Server

Usually, a single machine situated in a private residence can be used to host one or a number of websites from a typically consumer-grade broadband connection. These can be purpose-built servers or more commonly older PCs. Some internet service providers actively work to block residential servers by disallowing incoming requests to TCP port 80 of the user's connection and by refusing to provide static IP addresses. A good opportunity to attain a reliable DNS hostname is by having an account with a dynamic DNS service. A dynamic DNS service will automatically update the IP address that a URL points to when the IP address changes.

Some specific kinds of hosting provided by web host service providers:

  • File hosting service: hosts files, not web pages
  • Image hosting service
  • Video hosting service
  • Blog hosting service
  • Paste bin
  • Shopping cart software
  • Email hosting service
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Host Management

The host can also offer an interface or control panel for managing the web server and installing scripts, as well as other modules and service applications like email. A web server that does not use a control panel for managing the hosting account, is at times referred to as a "headless" server. Some hosts specialize in certain software or services (e.g. e-commerce, blogs, etc.).

Reliability and Uptime

The availability of a website is measured by the percentage of a year in which the website is publicly accessible and reachable via the internet. This is different from measuring the uptime of a system. Uptime refers to the system itself being online. Uptime does not take into account being able to reach it during network outage. A hosting provider's Service Level Agreement (SLA) may include a reasonable amount of scheduled downtime per year in order to perform maintenance on the servers. This scheduled downtime is sometimes excluded from the SLA timeframe and needs to be subtracted from the Total Time when availability is calculated. Depending on the wording of an SLA, if the availability of a server drops lower than that in the signed SLA, a hosting provider at times will provide a partial refund for lost time. How downtime is determined changes from provider to provider, therefore understanding the SLA is important. Not all providers produce uptime statistics. Many hosting providers will guarantee at least 99.9% uptime which will provide for 43 minutes of downtime each month, or 8 hours and 45 minutes of downtime per year.

Obtaining Hosting

Web hosting is at times offered as part of a complete internet access plan from internet service providers. There are also a lot of free and paid providers offering website hosting.

A client needs to evaluate the requirements of the application to choose what kind of hosting to use. Such considerations include database server software, scripting software, and operating system. A number of hosting providers offer Linux-based website hosting which provides a wide range of various software. A usual configuration for a Linux server is the LAMP platform: Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP/Perl/Python. The web hosting client might want to have other services, such as email for their business domain, databases or multimedia services. A customer might also prefer Windows as the hosting platform. The client still can choose from Perl, PHP, Python, and Ruby, but the client may also use ASP.NET or ASP Classic. Web hosting packages often include a website content management system, so the end-user does not have to worry about the more technical components.

Security

Because web hosting services host sites which belong to their clients, online security is an extreme topic. When a client agrees to use a web hosting service, they are passing on control of the security of their site to the provider that is hosting the website. The degree of security that a website hosting service supplies is super important to a potential customer and can be a major point when considering which supplier a customer will choose.

Website hosting server can be targeted by malicious people in various ways, including uploading malware or malicious code onto a hosted site. These attacks {may|might| be done for different reasons, including stealing credit card data, launching a Distributed Denial of Service Attack (DDoS) or spamming.

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